Understanding your bladder
What is incontinence?
Incontinence refers to the involuntary or accidental leakage of urine, no matter how small the volume. The most common type of incontinence is stress urinary incontinence which can happen with there is an increase in abdominal pressure such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, jumping, running etc. Urge incontinence occurs when a sudden intense urge to pass urine occurs and you leak on the way to the toilet. Some women with urge incontinence also complain of a frequency of voiding during the day or night.
Diastasis rectus is a condition where the outer most layer of your abdominal muscles (the rectus abdominous muscles or “6-pack” muscles) have separated. Normally, the rectus abdominous muscles are held tightly together via strong connective tissue called the linea alba.
A Diastasis rectus occurs when the linea alba stretches, widens and splits, causing a separation of the rectus abdominous. This split is usually more prevalent in pregnant women. As the foetus grows the linea alba widens and stretches to accommodate the growing baby. However, it is worth noting that you don’t have to have a history of pregnancy to be susceptible for rectus diastasis. In fact, anyone who has had many years of abdominal loading with poor technique (this includes males) can be at risk of abdominal separation.
What is pain? A simple three-word question about something so pervasive in life it “should” be simple to answer.
Pain is the most common reason people seek medical attention. All pain is real, and for many people, it is a debilitating part of everyday life.
Pain is like a public service announcement from your brain about a credible threat. Pain is not actually coming from your broken wrist or your sprained ankle. It is, in fact, a result of the brain evaluating information, including danger data. This detection system can be influenced by sensory and emotional experiences, as well as personal beliefs and culture, which essentially motivate us to do something to escape it.
However, chronic pain isn’t so clear cut. Chronic pain produces a state of stress. As time passes, the pain systems become more sensitive and hyper-responsive. For some people, the stress resulting from chronic pain can become consuming, and have the potential to significantly worsen and prolong the pain.
The following link is great for understanding chronic pain. It also highlights the powerful influence our mind has over our perception of pain.
Approximately 15% to 35% of patients with chronic pain also have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
PTSD is a severe, long-lasting psychological reaction to a distressing event, which can cause significant impairment.